Thesis topic proposal
Andrea Bencsik
Relationship among Ethics, Trust and Success in Knowledge-oriented Organizations


Institute: University of Pannonia
business and management
Doctoral School in Management Sciences and Business Administration

Thesis supervisor: Andrea Bencsik
Location of studies (in Hungarian): University of Pannonia, Veszprém
Abbreviation of location of studies: PE

Description of the research topic:

Studies and research on business ethics began in the United States about fifty years ago. In the ‘90s, Kindler and Zsolnai (1993) published a comprehensive study on the impact of ethics on the economy. Later, Boda and Radácsi (2002) emphasised the function of ever-increasing social expectations in the development of business ethics, pointing out that not only the environment but corporate leaders themselves demanded the standardisation of ethical norms for dealing with moral contradictions (Varsányi, 2006).
The emergence of the idea of business ethics in the 1980s was a revolutionary paradigm shift. Along with maximising profits, ethical business behaviour became important. The social audit of The Body Shop, Shell’s so-called ‘People, Planet and Profit’ strategy and the spread of CSR programs are linked to this period. This is the period of the flourishing of business ethics. (Crane – Matten, 2016; Zsolnai, 2015). Ethical organisational operation is based on ethical leadership, a key element of which is trust. In these market conditions, ethical organisational behaviour is essential, considering either B2B or C2B relationships.
Decades of research have highlighted the central role of trust in successful organisational operation. (Ellonen et al., 2008; Gilbert and Tang, 1998; Wech, 2002). The beginning of the study of workplace trust dates back to the early sixties of the last century, which has become increasingly popular in scientific research (Tan - Lim, 2009; Paliszkiewicz et al., 2014).
According to Govier, (1994) trust is an attitude based on beliefs and values that generally mean feelings and behaviours. Trust is important not only because it makes social interactions possible, but also because it nurtures ethics. From the age of barter business solutions to the Bitcoin, business relationships are based on trust. Without trust, which is the basis of ethical behaviour, neither business relationships nor any other relationship would work (Byars, Stanberry, 2018).
At a micro level, trust is linked to the following factors: employee satisfaction performance, behaviour, team work, leadership efficiency, the perception of human resource management, successful negotiations, communication, commitment, ethical behaviour, corporate partner relationships, etc. On this basis, it is considered to be a fundamental influential factor in the internal operation of organisations. At a macro level, trust is a driving force behind organisational changes and survival, corporate collaboration, strategic partnerships and mergers, or acquisitions (Fulmer and Gelfand, 2012).
For years, the concept of knowledge-based economy, and knowledge-based organisations has been at the centre of thinking. This also means that human resources and knowledge have become the most significant organisational resources, as well as assets. The basic units of knowledge-based economy are knowledge-oriented organisations, whose functioning may be characterised by the features of learning organisation culture. Characteristics include trust, which is key to successful functioning.
Most of the earlier studies have examined these factors separately, but logical connection presented above clarifies the relationship between factors mentioned in the title of the research topic.
The research task is to find and identify the interfaces and summarise them in a research model. By setting up the model, it becomes possible to define the parameters to be examined and to detect relationships.
It is worth examining the combined effects of factors in case of knowledge-oriented organisations, as trust-based organisational culture is of key importance for organisations where knowledge plays a key role in successful functioning. The novelty of the research is the development of the relationship network model and the demonstration of effects.
Sampling and the collection of research samples was based on the database of the Statistical Office, with the assistance of the Chambers of Commerce and Industry.

Preliminaries of research topic:
Previous research studies are in research history, which examine the effects of trust upon organisational functioning, and are linked to the conditions of ethical leadership and ethical organisational operation. There are a number of preceding research results related to knowledge management and learning organisation operation.

Boda, Zs. - Radácsi, L. (2002): Yállalatietika. Budapest: BKE Vezetőképző
Byars, S. M. - Stanberry, K. (20l8): Business ethics,-Houston: OpenStax, (2018). 367 p.
Crane, A, - Matten, D. (2016): Business Ethics:.Managing Corporate Citizenship and Sustainability in the Age of Globalization. 4. Kiadás. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 632 p.
Ellonen, R. - Blomqvist, K. - Puumalainen, K. (2008), The Role of Trust in organizational Innovativeness. European Journal of Innovation Management, 11,162
Fulmer, C.A - Gelfand, M,J, (2012): At What Level (and in Whom) We Trust - Trust Across Multiple organizational Levels. Journal of Management, 38, l 167-1230
Gilbert, J. - Tang, T. (l998): An Examination of Organizational Trust Antecedents. Public Personnel Management, 27, 321-328
Govier, T. (1994): Is It a Jungle Out There? Trust, Distrust and the Construction of Social Reality Vol. In Dialogue. 33, No.2, pp. 237-252.
Paliszkiewicz, J. - Koohang, A, - Nord, J.H. (2014). Management trust, organizational trust, and organizational
Performance: Empirical validation of an instrument. Online Journal of Applied Knowledge Management, 2, 28-
39 o.
Tan, H. H. - Lim, A. K. H. Q009): Trust in Coworkers and Trust inorganizations. The Journal of Psychology, 43,4546 o.
Varsányi, J. (2006): Vállalati menedzsment. Széchényi István Egyetem. Forrás:
http://sozediva.atw.hrr/alt-m an2006 jegyzet.pdf .2017.11.10.wech, 2002
Zsolnai L. (20l5): The SPiritual Dimension of Business Ethics and Sustainability Management. Cham: Springen
Intemational Publishing, 218 p.
Zsolnai L. - Kindler J. (1993): Etika a gazdaságban Budapest: Keraban Kiadó.

Own publications
Bernadett Domokos, Andrea Bencsik (2019): The engine of business performance: The role of trust in the managerial context In: Ana, Lorga da Silva; Daniel, Tomic; Alica, Grilec (szerk.) Economic and Social Development : 39th International Scientific Conference on Economic and Social Development _ ,,Sustainability from an Economic and Social Perspective". Book of Proceedings Varazdin Development and Entrepreneurship Agency, (2019) pp.28-34,7 p. WoS
Hanga Horvath, Andrea Bencsik (2019): Relationship between ownership structure and intellectual capital efficiency in Hungarian companies In: Ana, Lorga da Silva; Daniel, Tomic; Alica, Grilec (szerk.) Economic and
Social Development: 39th International Scientific Conference on Economic and ocial Development- "Sustainability from an Economic and Social Perspective", Book of proceedings, Varazdin Development and Entrepreneurship Agency, (2019) pp. 164-173,10 p. WoS
Bencsik Andrea, Juhász Tímea (2018): Tudásorientált szervezetek éftékítéletea bizalom gazdasági hatásairól Vezetestudomány 49: l pp. 30-39.
Andrea Bencsik (2018): The Role of Artificial Intelligence in the Knowledge organization of Companies In: Al,
Naqvi, J, Mark Munoz - Business Strategy in the Artificial Intelligence Economy, New York, Amerikai Egyesült
Államok: Business Expert Press, (20l8) pp.9-22.
Bencsik Andrea, Renáta Mahová, Juhász Tímea, Csókás Lilla (2018): Vezető /leader versus etika, avagy azetikus leaderi magatartás jellemzői In: Dobrai, Katalin; László, Gyula; Sipos, Norbert (szerk.) Ferenc Farkas Intemational Scientific Conference : Farkas Ferenc Nemzetközi Tudományos Konferencia 2018
Bencsik Andrea, Machová Renáta, Juhász Tímea, Csókás Lilla (2018): Vezető/leader versus etika, avagy az etikus leaderi magatartás jellemzi Vezetestudomány 49: l0-1l pp.93-104. 12 p. (2018)
Bencsik Andrea (2018): Bencsik (2018): Ki fizeti meg a bizalom /bizalmatlanság árát? Magyar Minőség
27: ll pp.83-96.
Andrea Bencsik, Renata Machová, Lilla Csókás, Tímea Juhász, Kornélia Lazányi (2018): Survey of Ethical Managerial Behavior- a Three Country Comparative Study Acta Polytechnica Hungarica 15: 6 pp. l79-198. WoS
Bencsik Andrea, Machova Renáta, Csókás Lilla (20l 8): Leadeship és szervezeti magatartás: monográfia
Komámo, Szlovákia : Selye János Egyetemi Kiadó
Bencsik Andreq Horvath-Csikós Gabriella (2018): The Role of Knowledge Management in Developing Culture Acta Polytechnica Hungarica Quality 15: 8 pp.209-226. WoS
Andrea Bencsik, Tímea Juhász (20l7): Trust and Distrust in Organizations on the Basis of Sharing Economy, In: Kazuaki, Maeda; P S, Sandhu; Lyubichankovskiy, Sergey (szert.) Proceedings of lnternational Conference on Studies in Business Management: Law and Education, pp. 381-388.
Andrea Bencsik (2017): Trust and Distrust in Organizations on the Basis of Sharing Economy International Conference on Studies in Business Management Law and Education (SBML-17), 20-2l April, 2017, Kyoto
Bencsik Andrea, Juhász Tímea (20l7): Bizalom és bizalmatlanság avagy sharing economy kontra hagyományos Üzleti modell: Trust and Distrust or sharing economy versus traditional business-model, In: Noszkay Erzsébet (szerk.) Közösségi tudások - tudásközösségek: Tudásmenedzsment elméleti és módszertani megközelítésben: a Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Gazdaságtudományi Bizottság Tudásmenedzsment Munkabizottságának III. számú gyűjteményes kötete 2012-2016. Budapest, Magyarország: N & B Kiadó, (2017) pp,7-20.
Bencsik Andrea (2015): A tudásmenedzsment elméletben és gyakorlatban Akadémiai Kiadó Budapest.
Additional publications see in MTMT

Required language skills: angol
Number of students who can be accepted: 2

Deadline for application: 2023-05-31

All rights reserved © 2007, Hungarian Doctoral Council. Doctoral Council registration number at commissioner for data protection: 02003/0001. Program version: 2.2358 ( 2017. X. 31. )