Thesis topic proposal
Bálint Kádár
Networked tourism development models in relation of identity questions in the urban context


Institute: Budapest University of Technology and Economics
Pál Csonka Doctoral School of Architecture

Thesis supervisor: Bálint Kádár
Location of studies (in Hungarian): BUTE
Abbreviation of location of studies: BME

Description of the research topic:

Tourism development became a prestigious topic in the fields of urban studies and urban planning as a cosequence of the paradigm changes of the past two decades. Tourism research is a well established scientific field among economists, geographers and sociologists, however, urban studies as a field is needed to define the spatial development needs of tourism, the positive and negative effects of tourist space usage, the large development projects and local gentrification effects induced by tourism. The research conducted in the past 10 years at the department of Urban Planning and Design of BME bought well cited results in the measurement and modeling of tourist space usage, proving the benefits of tourism developments having a network logic.

Recent research point out the cultural aspects of tourism in the related developments and their effects, and such cultural dimensions distort the network models of tourist systems created with a spatial logic using statistical datasets. In order to be effective, more realistic models must also count with:

- historical layers and usage aspects of the built environment
- the interior and external determinants of the natural and cultural environments of settlements
- the present and past social status of the inhabitants, their uses and traditions
- the traces of past cultures connected to present tourism demand and contemporary lifestyles

The main scope of the research topic is to map the intersecting areas between the identity layers of cities and the specific segments of tourism, exploring more differenciated networks of the tourist space system. Different layers of urban identity will be researched in Budapest, other large or capital cities or tourism regions in Central Europe. These layers must contribute to new and relevant spatial network models in the field of tourism development, having edges and nodes differentiated in relation to the specific activities and
target groups involved in cultural tourism. The initial database for such modeling is constructed by the deep analysis of user generated content in social media at first place, but more traditional questionnaries and the research of built heritage and urban values must also complement the study.
The research can be based on the following subtopics:
- Possibilities to complement the primary tourism space system defined by main attractions with secondary subsystems, based on specific thematics from the discovery of hidden identity layers of the city
- Research of the functioning of alternative tourism networks, such as urban walks, visits folowing subcultural or traditional thematics
- The mapping of the real-time perception and true emotions of visitors interacting with specific identity layers in cities, measured both by sensors, by questionnaries, and by the content of photos and comments left on social media
- Definition of the thematic role of specific streets and public spaces in urban tourism, modelling of their weight and role in the tourist space system.

Deadline for application: 2022-03-31

All rights reserved © 2007, Hungarian Doctoral Council. Doctoral Council registration number at commissioner for data protection: 02003/0001. Program version: 2.2358 ( 2017. X. 31. )